In this article, we will take a tour of the History of Hindi Language. More than 430 million people in the world speak Hindi. With the rapid growth in the Indian Economy, the global importance of Hindi also increases. This is the reason many of the people in the world are interested in learning the Hindi language and want to know about it. It is one of the oldest languages in the world. The history of the Hindi Language has so many turns and facts to know. Therefore we bring you this article with which you will learn important facts about the History of the Hindi language.
History of Hindi language
Hindi is one of the most popular languages in the world. It is the national and Official language of India. There are more than 430 million people in the world speak Hindi. It is an Indo-European language. Hindi is one of the ten popular, powerful and most spoken languages of the world. Many of the people in the world are now starting learning the Hindi language. The rapid development of the Indian Economy is increasing the importance of the Hindi language Globally. Learning the Hindi Language can provide you so many benefits and opportunities. Hindi is one of the oldest languages. So in this article let’s go to the History of Hindi Language.
Derivation of “Hindi” Name
The word “Hindi” has its roots from the Sanskrit Language. Hindi Word basically comes from the word Sindhu (a Sanskrit Word). Sindhu was a river and the around that river was known as Indhu. In Iranian, it was started known as “Hindu” and later “Hind”. After that, when Iranians became more familiar with Indians the word “Hind” was being used for complete India. Iranians then started calling Hind with adding eq suffix that indicates “Hindi”, that means Hindi’s (हिंदी का). According to the records, in Zafarnama (1424), the word for the Hindi language was first used.
History of Hindi Language
Hindi is one of the most popular languages. It has its roots in the Vedic Sanskrit language. The Hindi language that we are using or listening nowadays is based on the Khari Boli dialect. Before this Khari Boli dialect, the Awadhi, Braj, and Maithili dialects were common dialects of Hindi. The Hindi language is basically written in the Devnagari Script. The Braj dialect was in use in the period of 15th to the 19th century. You can find the Hindi language as the regional language of different states of India. There you will find variation in the dialects. You can find Awadhi, Marwari, Magahi, Bhojpuri, Chattisgarhi, Bundeli, Bagheli, Garhwali, Kumayuni, Haryanvi, Kanauji, and Magahi. In other words, you can call them as a regional language of a particular Hindi Belt or Hindi Zone.
Origin of Hindi
Hindi is the language that has roots in the Vedic Sanskrit Language. Sanskrit is one of the Oldest pieces of Hindi Literature. The Vedas of Hindu religion, Rigveda, Yajurveda, AtharVeda, and SamVeda are also written in the Vedic Sanskrit Language. And the Origin of Hindi Language is also Sanskrit. Even you can find so many Sanskrit words in the Hindi Language. It can be traced that Hindi was there in the Seventh century or Eighth century.
The History of Hindi language has basically Four Periods (Kaal) or Stages. And those Stages are Adikal OR the Early Period, Bhaktikal OR The Devotional Period, Ritikal OR The Scholastic Period and Modern Hindi Literature.
Four Stages of Hindi Language
Here is the brief description of the “Kals” or you can say Stages of Hindi language. Let’s have a look at these four Periods of History.
- Adikal Or The Early Period: The first stage of Hindi Language was in the Adikal. Adikal was from the middle of the 10th century and remains until the start of the 14th century. You can also call it The Early Period.
- Bhaktikal Or The Devotional Period: The second stage of Hindi Language can be seen in Bhakti Kal. You can also call it the Devotional Period. This Period started in the 14th century and end in the 17th century. In the Bhaktikal period, the common people were forced to accept Islam. Hindus were very hopeless, tortured and against as that was affecting their culture.
- Ritikal Or The Scholastic Period: The Third Stage of the Hindi language comes with the Ritikal. You can also call it The Scholastic Period. This Kal started after Bhaktikal that means after the 17th century. Ritikal is famous for its poets. The poets of this period are classified into two types. The classification of poets was based on their subject. The poets who wedded to rhetorics were Ritibaddha. And the ones who were free from rhetorical conventions were Ritimukta.
- Modern Hindi Literature: The Stage of Hindi language that is currently running is also Modern Hindi Literature. This era also has four Yug or you can say phases. The age of Renaissance or Bharatendu from 1868 to 1893, The Dwivedi Yug from 1893 to 1918, The Chhayavada Yug from 1918 to 1937 and the Contemporary Period or Yug from 1937 onwards.
So this was the complete article on the History of Hindi Language. This was all about the History of the Hindi. I hope this information will help you. And you will love the article. If you find the information interesting and helpful then share it with your friends also. Good news is that you can type in Hindi using English keyboard easily now with different online tools. You can share the article on your social media. In addition, if you have any query related to this topic, then you can freely share with us in the comment section. We will be happy to solve it. Also, share your feedback and suggestions with us.
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