When cyber-criminals are trying to hack your business, they are not likely to re-invent the wheel. Criminals don’t necessarily change their hacking strategies unless they feel that they have no other option. This means that they will tap into already established and common hacking techniques; which have high success levels.
These malicious security threats that aim to corrupt, disrupt, or steal your data are numerous. They include malware, viruses, and botnets. These can be very detrimental to your business operation if they go unnoticed. As such, you and your IT team need to be well-versed in the types of threats available, so that you can analyze them and know exactly how you can avoid them. Here are some of the most common cybersecurity threats.
A collection of internet-connected devices that are infected and that are controlled remotely by some common malware is referred to as a botnet. How botnet malware works is that it first hunts for vulnerable devices on the internet. The aim of the cybercriminal creating a botnet is to infect all of the connected devices. When illegally connected to these devices, the threat actor can use the resources and computing power of these devices to enable automatic tasks without the knowledge of the device users. Threat actors use email spams and other such scams, to generate malicious traffic to your organization’s network. Pen testing and managed security services are equally important in dealing with malware such as botnets.
- Insider threats
Insider threats occur when an individual is close to your business with authorized access to your network; either knowingly or unknowingly abuses this access. This exploitation is usually aimed at negatively impacting your business’ systems or important data. A careless employee who refuses to adhere to your business’ policies and rules may cause an insider threat. If, for instance, such an employee shares their login details with other people or email client data to unauthorized parties, they may cause a security breach that will cost you. An insider may bypass key security protocol as a short-cut to being more productive. Finally, malicious employees may intentionally bypass these protocols to delete, sell, or steal your data.
- Worms and viruses
These are malware that are intended to destroy your organization’s data, network, and system. A computer virus will maliciously replicate and copy onto a program or host file in your computers. It will remain dormant, and once someone activates it either knowingly or unknowingly, it will bypass permission or system administration to spread this infection within your network. A worm, on the other hand, doesn’t necessarily have to replicate onto a program, or need a user to spread. It mainly infects other computers while staying active on these infected systems. Worms usually spread using the sections of the OS that are invincible and automatic. A worm will infect any network or computer lacking adequate protection once it gets into your computer.
These are some of the most common and dangerous security threats that may face your networks and systems. Your IT team should be well-versed with them so as to know how to avoid them.